What next after capitalism?

After the results of the UK election, held on 8th June, one thing became very clear: young people have started to lose faith in the way our present society runs, particularly in our current model of capitalism. The situation is even more stark in the USA; Naomi Klein has analysed it brilliantly here.

It is not hard to understand some of the economic pressures which have led young people to conclude that capitalism is not working for them. A study by the Resolution Foundation last year found that people born between 1981 and 1985 are earning £40 a week less in today’s terms than were, at the same age, people born a decade earlier – making the current under-35s the first generation since the industrial revolution to suffer such a reversal. Meanwhile, the cost of housing has gone beyond their reach. Over the past five years, according to the Nationwide Building Society, the rate of home-ownership among 30-34 year olds has plunged from 49.3 per cent to 43.1 per cent – while older people have enjoyed higher rates of home-ownership.

Moreover, high rents have prevented many young people from putting aside any kind of savings. If they cannot win a stake in the capitalist system, in spite of working hard, why should they support it?  Add to that some of the many other issues that Theresa May’s government is either supporting or which are resulting from its policies, eg fracking, foodbanks, stealth privatisation of the NHS and other public services, student tuition fees, constant austerity for ordinary people but not the rich, etc., and it is no wonder that so many young people voted in such numbers for Jeremy Corbyn’s Labour Party.

For many older people, capitalism was associated with freedom. But there is little reason today for young people to feel the same way, when they are confronted on a daily basis by large, tax-dodging corporations and bankers who wrecked the economy, who escaped without punishment and yet who carried on skimming off vast bonuses. What they see instead are the failures of Conservative industrial policy, such as over-priced trains run by private companies, which have ruthlessly exploited the private monopolies granted to them, in what was surely the most flawed of all the privatisations.

It will not be possible for the Conservatives to continue to preach the benefits of the free market if it is patently not working in favour of an entire generation. By the next election the current generation of under-35s will comprise nearly half the population. If they have a sense that the economic system is rigged against them, they will revolt against it – and so they should.

But it’s even worse than just a system rigged against the young; those of you who are regular readers of this blog may be aware that from time-to-time, I’ve expressed grave doubts as to whether this planet and all the species living on it will be able to survive the consequences of our present system of economics.

Our current model of capitalism, with its emphasis on constant growth and its elevation of money to something which trumps every other argument, is leading us inevitably towards what has been called the Sixth Great Extinction in the history of our planet. The Holocene epoch, the past 12,000 years of stable climate in which agriculture, settled communities, and great civilisations first appeared, has come to an end, and a new epoch has begun. The term “Anthropocene” was coined in the 1970s to describe this new epoch, in which we are seeing significant human impact on the Earth’s geology and ecosystems.

Another and in some ways better term for the present epoch has been coined even more recently by those who want to focus attention on the role of capitalism in bringing us to this crisis in Earth’s existence, and this is the “Capitalocene”.  We are living in a new and dangerous epoch in Earth history, as identified in overwhelming detail by scientists. It is characterised by the violation of critical planetary boundaries, the unprecedented disruption of our planet’s life-support systems with potentially catastrophic results, including climate chaos, mass extinctions, acidified oceans, poisoned rivers, rising sea levels, over-population and more.

Whatever one calls this new era, it’s clear that most people (with the possible exception of Donald Trump and those who share his attitudes) are prepared to accept that the Earth System as a whole is experiencing unprecedented negative changes caused by recent human action (from the time of the Industrial Revolution onwards). The concept that perpetual, constant, infinite growth without limits is leading us directly to disaster is one that is probably accepted by most sane people these days. The question is: what can be done about it? Who is going to tell voters in a democracy that there are limits to growth? Who will tell a Premier League footballer or a rock star that there should be a limit to the number of Ferraris they own? More to the point, is there any politician with the courage to say to people like me that two cars per family is quite enough?

No doubt most people can see the connection between unlimited numbers of consumer goods and ecological destruction – but which of us is prepared to accept that the limits to growth have to start with you and me?

Rudolf Steiner identified the economic, social and cultural aspects of the problem a century ago and put forward Threefolding as an alternative to our headlong pursuit of disaster. These ideas still need to be brought to the world’s attention but my assumption is that there will not be any cut-through to political and public notice by anthroposophical concepts alone, unless they are also accompanied by additional ideas and solutions propounded by other people of goodwill. Sadly, anthroposophy is too strange a word, its ideas are too remote from common attitudes today, and its historical baggage is too cumbersome to enable it to make the necessary difference on its own.

That is why I am proposing, along with a few colleagues, to organise a conference at Emerson College in 2019 to look for a new story, a new narrative about what has to pass away, and what has to come into being, if we are to survive as a species on our beautiful blue planet – and I invite you to help “crowdthink” this conference into a form that will enable it to be most useful. Here are a few ideas to get us started, and I would be most grateful for your own input, such as suggestions for speakers, themes, alternative ways forward and who should be invited to attend and participate. Please send in your thoughts and ideas via the Comment button below.

Conference working title: What next after capitalism?

Conference venue: Emerson College, Forest Row, East Sussex, UK

Proposed date: Around Easter 2019

Basic premise: The world is hurtling towards disaster because of the way we treat the planet and people and this is a direct result of our current economic systems. We are not living with love for one another and the world. Does the conference accept/agree with this? Does the conference accept/agree the concept that the problem is our present model of capitalism?

Duration: 3 days

Day 1: THEME – What’s broken?

Establishing what’s not working and why, using examples from around the world. 20-minute “Ted type” talks on identifying what is broken.

Day 2: THEME – Alternatives

Looking at alternatives from around the world – examples of success and failures

Day 3: THEME – Call to Action

Leaving with determination, purpose and a clear set of realistic actions for each of the 3 themes.

Underlying structure: 3-fold. Cross-cutting themes throughout conference, including Economic, Cultural and Rights spheres, and taking in topics such as the impact of our present model of capitalism on the environment, global economy, banking, agriculture, medicine, company structures, shareholder system, developing countries and relations between people, etc

Our ideal will be to find a backer who will fully fund the conference so that attendance can be by invitation only. Our aim will be to put together a stellar group of keynote speakers and leading thinkers, and to invite top civil servants, social entrepreneurs, pioneers who are already doing the alternatives, academics, influencers and opinion-formers to attend.

I would be very grateful to receive via the Comments below your own thoughts, ideas and suggestions to develop this proposal – please suggest speakers, topics and a structure for each day of the conference. It would be a magnificent achievement if this conference could be a result of “crowdthinking” in action!



Filed under Anthroposophy, Capitalism, Emerson College UK

18 responses to “What next after capitalism?

  1. Katherine Beaven

    Otto Scharmer would be my suggestion

    Liked by 1 person

    • Yes, indeed. Yet, he would likely have to be introduced to the concepts of anthroposophical spiritual science in order to make his current knowledge complete. You see, any notion of an acupuncture into capitalism in order to resolve it, also warrants knowing how it came into being in the first place, and I doubt he even has a clue how that happened. Thus, a student of spiritual science could help him greatly in this matter, and likely make him an even better presenter. Once wisdom is increased, the person is increased.



  2. c k

    Hi Jeremy,

    How weird that you have proposed this conference at the same time that a group of us are planning a conference in 2019 on a similar theme in Ireland. We are building on a conference we ran in 2014 called ‘Dear Earth’. Which focused on ways to be more active in supporting the sustainable future of the earth. The conference we are planning will focus on how to develop a new stream of financial relationships which are collaborative, not competitive and are resource lite. We want to attract mainly people in their 20s and 30s.

    Best wishes

    Caroline Kelly

    Liked by 1 person

    • One of the important aspects concerning any theme of the sustainable future of the earth involves the fact that the earth we experience today is in its death throes, which is why everything is centered around materialism, economics, and capitalism. The earth has arrived at the condition of physical-mineral degradation, which means we need to look at a higher conscious formation, and this creates the present conflict of the old order with the new.

      Steiner often presented the findings of Eduard Suess, and his geological assessment of a dying, crumbling earth:

      “The mid-point of Earth-evolution falls in the middle of the Atlantean epoch, and so in our present age the Earth has already passed the mid-point of its development. From this you will realise that the Earth is already involved in a declining phase of evolution, and in our time this must always be taken into account. As I have often said, it conforms entirely with the findings even of modern materialistic geology.

      In his book The Face of the Earth, Eduard Suess has stated that the soil beneath our feet today belongs to an earth that is already dying. During the Atlantean epoch the earth was, so to say, in the middle period of life; it teemed with inner life; it had upon it no such formations as the rocks and stones, which are gradually crumbling away. The mineral element was active in the earthly realm in the way in which it is active today in an animal organism, in a state of solution out of which deposits will not form unless the organism is diseased. If the animal organism is healthy it is only the bones that can be said to take their form as deposits. In the bones, however, there is still inner life. The bones are not in the condition of death, they are not, like our mountains and rocks, in process of crumbling into dust. The crumbling of the rocks is evidence that the earth is already involved in a death-process.

      As already said, this is now known even to ordinary materialistic geology. Anthroposophy must add to this knowledge the fact that the earth has been involved in this process of decline ever since the middle of the Atlantean epoch. Moreover, in the earth must be included everything that belongs to it: the plants, the animals, and, above all, physical man. Physical man is part and parcel of the earth. In that the earth is involved in a process of decline, so too is the human physical body. Expressed differently, in more esoteric terms, this signifies that by the middle of the Atlantean epoch, everything that was first laid down in a germinal condition in the warmth-body of the “Saturn” evolution had reached completion. The human physical body actually reached completion by the middle of the Atlantean epoch, and since then the path of its evolution has been one of decline.” Lecture on Ascension & Pentecost, May 7, 1923.

      So, for conferences to be proposed for 2019 in England and Ireland on these themes seems remarkable, and I choose to be an enthusiastic participant!

      Kind regards,

      Steve Hale


    • Hi Caroline,
      I think that, when something of significance is getting ready to be born, then it quite often happens that people around the world will have the same, or similar, impulses coming to them at around the same time – so perhaps that is what is going on here. Good luck with your conference and I hope you can keep us informed of your plans.
      All good wishes,

      Liked by 1 person

      • bbballah

        Gradually perhaps these ‘people around the world can communicate/cooperate with each other.


      • Well, I think that is the idea here. In order to communicate, one has to write down some words that hopefully pertain to the matter of importance. In this situation, we have a proposal for a conference which could prove to be the basis of a new, and more conscious worldview. Jeremy’s idea involves taking on the present-day political, social, and economic factors and coming-to-terms with what it means for our younger generation, who are being systematically depleted in wage earning power by the forces of capitalism in the hands of the greedy rich. The exact same exists here in America.

        So, for example, in drawing attention to how earth evolution has drawn forth this materialistic worldview, and valuation system, it can be shown how the periods designated as:
        1) Holocene
        2) Anthropocene
        3) Capitalocene
        are due to the progressive advent of scientific materialism, which sees nature as an exploitable enterprise. This is how capitalization first began with the notions of Francis Bacon, who was a staunch anti-Aristotelian. Yet, some people see in Bacon a great Rosicrucian initiate, and especially in Britain today.

        Yet, I think there is no getting around the idea of becoming “resource lite”, which the Ireland conference for 2019 sees as the inevitable solution of a happy human communion and cooperative system into the future. Am I wrong on this?

        If the Labour Party has the interests of the young in mind, as it should, considering that labour has always equated with the needs of the proletarian, then the Conservative Party is on their way out, even as this election stands complete. What can Theresa May achieve in the next five years that hopes to help our younger generation coming up?

        Status quo, and “maybot” isn’t cutting it at all. England is under siege, and that is the terror of the situation, as we speak; America, too.


  3. In this sort of context I have found it helpful to consider the history of the Green Movement, particularly in Germany.
    Specifically, it is interesting to research the biographies of Rudi Dutschke and Petra Kelly, two Michaelic souls, one with roots in the Soviet East and one with roots in the American West. Both people of high moral calibre. One with the genius to draw together disparate groups and individuals, and one with the genius of speech.

    Alliance90/The Greens was a movement for a change which arose out of the same sort of concerns for the welfare of humanity which you express. It aspired to be a grass roots movement without the trappings of a political party and the power games which traditional politics becomes mired in.

    The initial focus which led to the formation of the Greens out of a wide spectrum of social change movements can be expressed in the four pillars of the Green Way –
    Social justice
    Ecological wisdom
    Grassroots democracy
    These pillars were not a manifesto in the traditional sense and I think it is important now to be more explicit about one other fundamental value, the equality of women.

    I am not proposing what those founding spirits of the mid-European Greens did as a general solution for anything, but pointing to the fact that it found a response world wide, and particularly on both sides of the Iron Curtain (which might descend again at any moment).

    They wanted to avoid the cult of personality, though there were of course many big personalities among them.

    I personally would not support an invitation only event (for me that would feel elitist), but I wish you well with your initiative.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. Caryn Louise

    Colonise and develop the stagnant, chaotic and wild lands. It could be a mutual venture with another country (Germany for example). In this way, not only is it productive for the well-being of poorly developed lands, it offers a solution to your already over populated country taking the strain.


  5. Demetrios Peroulas

    Bravo Jeremy for your post!
    THIS IS THE ANSWER to my (our) CALL I expressed the other day!
    I really hope that your voice of imagination, inspiration and intuition will be heard, at last… No more pretensions and excuses… This is the time either to become true Anthroposophers (= real human beings) and together with so many other people of good will, wisdom & humility to find out the right path or continue the (anglo-american & middle European) neoliberal, neocolonial, secular, materialistic and selfish capitalistic avenue towards extinction and hell.
    This is exactly what we experience here in Greece (and the rest of the world): No future not only for the Young Generation but for the whole Nation. And the cause of the causes is only one: Capitalism (the other two: Fascism & Communism, after they tragically failed to succeed the former, fortunately are already dead). [And when we react to the capitalistic death imposed on us, then, as is the case for example with Russia, we are accused of not being “civilized” & “democratic” etc. Enough! We are ready for the Revolution, if the Anti-Christ’s Pluto-Autocrats & their collaborators {conscious or not of what they are doing} and who are using the USA-UK-EU as their base, think that we will become their vassals. So, I call our friends in the West and Middle Europe to join the Christ’s Revolution.]
    I expected people to embrace your initiative at once, as there is only one way out: Threefolding, which is the real fourth political theory & practice, the real Revolution.
    I think it’s high time for Uriel also to intervene next to Michael, as Michael cannot yet find enough Michaelites. To tell the plain truth, an anthroposophical movement as the one Rudolf Steiner envisaged 100 years ago, does not exist in our days. So what and with who shall our next step be?…
    Deep from my HEART:
    Thank You,
    Thank You,
    Thank You.


  6. Thanks for this, Jeremy.

    I think your idea of the conference is a wonderful. At the very least, a forum to speak about ‘what one is doing’ generates energy at ‘compound interest’ and breaks through the likely sense of isolation of those who are doing their best to work positively for the future.

    Some further thoughts in response …

    First, a quote from Steiner:

    “He who would create the new must endure
    the passing of the old in full tranquillity.”
    (“The Soul’s Awakening”, Temple Lodge: London,1994, p.3)

    I think perhaps we are moving beyond the ‘politics of reactivity’, as implied by the title of Naomi Klein’s new book “No is not enough …” Refusal and reaction have their place, of course, to mobilise discernment and isolate iniquities. But the risk is of ‘negative merging’, where we unwittingly sustaining an invisible bond with ‘that which we love to hate’.

    An astrological ‘view’ is offered below. It seems to speak to this, and affirms the timing of your idea of the conference you described.

    Here, I’m thinking of the forthcoming conjunction of Saturn and Pluto in the sign of Capricorn, January 2020. Contacts between these two planets accompany a strong intensification of their energies, sometimes meaning a fear of one’s ‘worst nightmare coming true’, or other examples of ‘negative merging’. And sometimes, indeed, our ‘worst fears’ are realised.

    However, the combination of these two planets takes us ‘beyond reactivity’, generating a powerful resourcefulness, wise survival tactics and appropriate endurance. An individual who has recently experienced such transits will often report something like, “I don’t know how on earth I managed this nightmare, but somehow I did. And I feel stronger and wiser for it”. Obstructions to our connection with the Deeper Source are burned off, leaving a ‘hot-line’ to inner resources we didn’t know we had. The dis-spelling of the spell of ‘negative merging’.

    Dates of recent previous conjunctions are noted below, and readers with an interest in history will no doubt see the ‘trail’ of connections:

    Sat Cnj Plu 22 May 1883 29°Ta46′ D 29°Ta46′ D

    Sat Cnj Plu 4 Oct 1914 02°Cn13′ D 02°Cn13′ R
    Sat Cnj Plu 1 Nov 1914 02°Cn04′ R 02°Cn04′ R
    Sat Cnj Plu 19 May 1915 00°Cn54′ D 00°Cn54′ D

    Sat Cnj Plu 11 Aug 1947 13°Le07′ D 13°Le07′ D

    Sat Cnj Plu 8 Nov 1982 27°Li35′ D 27°Li35′ D

    Sat Cnj Plu 12 Jan 2020 22°Cp46′ D 22°Cp46′ D

    Of interest is the fact that this next one will be in the sign of Capricorn, of which Alice Bailey writes the slogan/meditation: “I see the light supernal, and on that light I turn my back.” This sounds ‘sinister’ if interpreted at the ‘ego’ level. However, Capricorn represents (amongst other things) the process of manifestation where we engage with the density of the material plane in order to ‘birth’ something. So Bailey’s words encourage us to resist the desire to ‘drift off into the Light’, the better to fulfill our duty to contribute wisely to this earthly incarnation. We overcome historic negative projections on to ‘The Earth’. The previous such conjunction in Capricorn occurred in 1518! More food for thought.

    You can download a list of their conjunctions (AD1100-2200) here:


  7. Thank you for the initiative Jeremy
    I am also of the view that an alternative to “capitalism” is required. In order to have an alternative that is effective, it must have a theoretical structure in this theoretical structure must both speak to and depend on a worldview. Capitalism is more of a mental syndrome, a family of related approaches, with common themes that form a theoretical foundation. They arise out of the same movement that generated modernism in science and the success of capitalism with its technological focus depends heavily on modernism. One can for example find descriptions of early capitalism in the form of mercantilism in the works of Bacon. The notion of skill, organisation and work being capable of formally structured – as in a user manual or industrial facility is dependent on this epistemology. So for me, it is necessary to have more than various episodic inspiring stories, important as they too are. Micro-finance is not the solution, for example, it is an illustration of a different way of thinking.

    The IMF notes six pillars of capitalism. Looking at the six you can see how much they appeal and how much they speak to aspects of the contemporary cultural milieu. There is for example a relationship between the selfie that is posted to Facebook and the concept of self-interest. But it is also possible to see aspects of a counter movement and an awareness of global responsibility. Over the weekend I was watching people doing selfies of groups of friends, putting their heads together, and this is a phenomenon of community and shared interest.

    So if a conference like this is going to happen I would like to see it making significant strides towards an alternative model and one that is understood in terms that can be taken up by the wider population of those interested in a new future.

    I am also interested in making this journey in a way that is not precious and obscurely esoteric but invites open thinking. At the point that I post this comment, without wishing to be critical of friends, I would say that the existing comments do not fully have that characteristic. Moreover the context of the invitation, “Anthropopper” may not work to best advantage?

    I am fully up for a quality conference. I have suggestions on the themes of the three days. But I would encourage forming guiding ideas that are more likely to contribute success. I have made two here.

    Thank you once again for the initiative Jeremy


    • Thanks for your message, Angus. I’m not precious about this at all, and believe that “crowdthinking” will help to get the most useful possible conference. I’m using my blog because it’s the medium I have open to me, and because it reaches people in over 120 countries around the world.

      Would you like to suggest a theoretical structure and ways in which the conference could make significant strides towards an alternative model?

      Perhaps at some point soon we shall need to form a carrying group to take the various ideas forward – but in the meantime let us see what people come up with.

      Best wishes,



      • Dear Jeremy,

        Any attempt to propose a conference that is concerned with resolving capitalism any time soon must begin with a review of our present perspective. Your blog has actually been inviting this perspective for nearly three years now.

        So, where does this put us today? You obviously see an urgent need to come to grips with a system that is failing, and will continue to fail unless higher principles are brought to bear in the resolve to increase the consciousness of mankind.

        I have always made this the central focus of my participation here. As such, any resolve to overcome capitalism with a new economic approach will have to entertain the idea of what forming a “higher culture” means.

        Rudolf Steiner gave a lecture in which he outlines the so-called “new proletarian demands” here. It is worth going over for its insistence on the fact that only a new ‘cultural’ imperative will allow the economics, and rights-political spheres to be realized as truly separate entities.

        I had actually outlined this in an earlier post, but please let me refer to it again. The lecture is from April 23, 1919, and can be found on page 105 here:


        Steiner proves here that any possibility of a threefolding initiative is no different than how a sentient soul, intellectual soul, and consciousness soul, are needed to exist separately, and yet cooperatively in order to lead to spirit-self, life-spirit, and spirit-man.

        The point of integration concerns culture, and that is why a spiritual-scientific movement and worldview exists today. Maybe for only the few, but they see your resolve. Likely capitalism cannot be resolved in our lifetime, but we can carry the initiative across the threshold and weaken it in the next go-around.

        Today, all we can do is inform of the possibility to find better ways to participate in the earth’s gradual unfolding. The younger generation needs to grow into it, and receive the support of their elders that know the system.

        So, from my perspective, the conference is a go, but needs a lot of explaining in order to make it both coherent and participative on a level that could set the resolve of those that don’t like their future.


      • Jeremy, I think you are receiving some very good, and diversified input concerning the initiative toward a conference that seeks to overcome capitalism, and you should consider very carefully every posting. At this stage, we should absorb whatever communications come our way. Angus has written to offer something of a theoretical-thought construct, and Melanie has written about a near-future conjunction of Saturn and Pluto in 2020. Demetrios is beside himself in his regard for such an initiative as yours, which wants to give careful consideration in how to overcome capitalism.

        Yet, very often, preliminary words lead to nothing. So, it leaves it to those that roll up their sleeve and say we need to start a working group in order to carry forth this initiative. You asked Angus about it, and it can happen, even if he never responds again to you. Does that make sense?

        A worthy initiative is worth moving forward on. I would like to see people here really try to make the effort. I wrote Angus in order to further encourage his effort toward our initiative. Hopefully, he will respond because he has further input to make. Yes, please let us hear it.

        If I was to write, it likely would appear as a dirge, but one that has relevance to why today’s materialism is so relevant on so many levels. The secret to its riddle concerns the very fact that we have to experience the physical-mineral in order to begin to obtain our true fulfillment. This is why capitalism today is so forthright in exclaiming its dominance.

        And that fact becomes the challenge to why an initiative such as yours exists to be entertained. In truth, capitalism needs to be lost.

        And will be lost over time.


  8. Following present capitalism, economic nationalism (Putin, Trump) is a new authoritarian current jeopardizing the planet. See e.g. the exploitation of resources in the arctic region. In a world-wide threefold perspective, Russia’s postmodern hybrid war has increasingly threatened civil society (freedom) and spiritual life (truth) too. So, also invite a Russia expert.


  9. Visitor

    Obviously with very title containing “after capitalism” it is already determined main frame of the future conference and the whole discussion. I read Michael Spense´s book and appreciate it very much, however, I am aware of differences among anthro-thinkers in economic domain, so for instance, some of them would question the very idea that it is about moving “beyond” capitalism as such (at least in foreseeable future).
    Any sort of economic analysis should be rooted primarily in “World economy” lectures, and secondarily to three folding as such, as Steiner himself declared that “World economy” is “updated” or perhaps evolved and transformed original idea of three folding. Hence, threefolding is implicit in the economic lectures, which by its nature are not “anti-capitalist” in any sense.
    So, I don’t really see how looking into “alternatives” to capitalism could lead to fruitful result.
    Today´s economy is dominated by capital and that´s simply a stage to which the whole organism evolved, capitalism is not some evil system invented by some evil stakeholders. Capitalism is simply state of the art of the social organism in the domain of economics and it´s ill state does not reflect inherent flaws in capitalism (as Marx would suggest) but inherent flaws in our understanding of the economic life and phenomena.
    Hence, it is handled in *unhealthy* manner, primarily due to current limitation of the human minds to comprehend the very system they (largely) unconsciously created.
    So, our primarily task would be to comprehend basic ideas from “World economy” lectures combined with foundational work of threefolding.
    For instance – “Money, Capital, Spirit” would be much better title since these are the categories that requires our proper cognition in context of economic activity before asking question what to do “after capitalism”.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s